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The US Must Press China for Concrete Human Rights Gains before Xi’s State Visit

President Obama must pressure Xi Jinping’s government to make concrete improvements to China’s human rights situation before Xi’s state visit. (image: Flickr/White House)

The US Must Press China for Concrete Human Rights Gains before Xi’s State Visit

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s state visit to the United States on September 24-25 comes at a time when his government is staging a ferocious crackdown against human rights lawyers. China’s overall human rights conditions have deteriorated since Xi took power in 2013. Xi has presided over the detentions and imprisonment of numerous civil society leaders, human rights activists, lawyers, and NGO workers, and overseen one of the most repressive periods in the post-Mao era for ethnic and religious minorities. Under Xi’s leadership, the government has pushed through new laws, draft legislation, and legal amendments that would legitimize political, religious, and ethnic repression and further curtail civil liberties.
[CHRB] What Happened to the Detained Lawyers: 18 Held in Secret & Several Accused of “Endangering National Security” (8/12-20/2015)

A police notice cited “national security” grounds in denying an attorney’s visit to detained lawyer Xie Yang (谢阳).

[CHRB] What Happened to the Detained Lawyers: 18 Held in Secret & Several Accused of “Endangering National Security” (8/12-20/2015)

An important deadline has passed in the continued detentions of lawyers and activists seized during the July crackdown. The 37-day maximum allowed for criminal detention has passed for the seven individuals criminally detained between July 8-14. Police still hold in custody 22 lawyers and activists; of these, 15 are either under criminal detention or “residential surveillance at a fixed location” in Beijing, Tianjin, Guangxi, Guangdong, Henan, or Hunan. Seven others have disappeared into police custody, with all but one of them detained in secret for more than a month.
Concerns in Chinese Civil Society Over “Ineffective” US-China Human Rights Dialogue

Human rights lawyers and activists call for concrete measures to improve the rapidly deteriorating human rights situation in China in advance of the annual US-China Human Rights Dialogue

Concerns in Chinese Civil Society Over “Ineffective” US-China Human Rights Dialogue

Human rights lawyers and activists call for concrete measures to improve the rapidly deteriorating human rights situation in China in advance of the annual US-China Human Rights Dialogue, which is taking place in Washington, D.C. on August 13-14. The dialogue will be held against the backdrop of a major crackdown on human rights lawyers that began in mid-early July. In an editorial, the NGO Rights Defense Network called on the US government to exert credible pressure on the Chinese government about emblematic individual cases and patterns of rights abuses. 26 lawyers and ten 10 activists joined an open letter calling for the Dialogue to generate pressure for the immediate release...
Individuals Affected by July 10 Crackdown on Rights Lawyers

Lawyers held in the police raid starting on July 9-10 include (clockwise from upper left): Bao Longjun (包龙军), Wang Yu (王宇), Zhou Shifeng (周世锋), Sui Muqing (隋牧青) Huang Liqun (黄力群), Wang Quanzhang (王全璋)

Individuals Affected by July 10 Crackdown on Rights Lawyers

Massive police operations targeting human right lawyers and coordinated by the Ministry of Public Security began on July 9 across China. The following is a list of detentions, including “residential surveillance” in unknown locations, disappearances (police custody in unknown location for more than 24 hours), and those released after summons for questioning or brief detention. The list will be constantly updated.
[CHRB] Pu Zhiqiang Detained 14 Months Without Trial, Recently Denied Lawyers’ Access & Medical Treatment (7/3-7/9/2015)

Detained human rights lawyer Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强) has been denied access to his lawyers and medical treatment.

[CHRB] Pu Zhiqiang Detained 14 Months Without Trial, Recently Denied Lawyers’ Access & Medical Treatment (7/3-7/9/2015)

Prominent human rights lawyer Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强) has recently been denied access to legal counsel and proper medical treatment, according to information obtained by CHRD. Pu has now been held in pre-trial detention for more than 14 months at Beijing No. 1 Detention Center. Beijing prosecutors indicted Pu on May 15 on charges of “creating a disturbance” and “inciting ethnic hatred” for posts he wrote on social media, but no trial date has been set.
Watch List of Detainees and Prisoners of Conscience in Need of Medical Attention

CHRD is concerned about the poor health of a number of Chinese detainees, including Gao Yu (高瑜) and Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强).

Watch List of Detainees and Prisoners of Conscience in Need of Medical Attention

CHRD launched the Medical Watch List on June 26 to mark the UN’s International Day of Support of Victims of Torture. There are 16 cases of currently detained or imprisoned individuals who suffer from deteriorating health and have been deprived of adequate medical treatment and denied release on medical grounds. Some of them are experiencing the same pattern of abuse that led to the death of Cao Shunli—a lack of access to adequate medical treatment in custody, a gradual decline of health and development of new illnesses or injuries from torture, and rejection of requests for medical release. CHRD will be updating this list on a regular basis.
PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE View List
Prisoner of Conscience – Li Heping

Prisoner of Conscience – Li Heping

Li Heping 李和平   Crime: N/A Length of Punishment: N/A Court: N/A Trial Date: N/A Sentencing Date: N/A Dates of Detention/Arrest: July 10, 2015 (detained) Place of Incarceration: N/A   “The past ten years, I’ve struggled with him, argued and fought, and asked him not to stay in this risky profession, since surveillance by police has never stopped,...
Prisoner of Conscience - Wang Yu

Prisoner of Conscience – Wang Yu

Wang Yu 王宇 Crime: Creating a disturbance & endangering state security Length of Punishment: N/A Court: N/A Trial Date: N/A Sentencing Date: N/A Dates of Detention/Arrest: July 9, 2015 (detained) Place of Incarceration: Residential surveillance at undisclosed location Background “She is a brave, forthright, selfless human rights lawyer. Most of the time she is on the road, seeking justice...
Prisoner of Conscience - Bian Xiaohui

Prisoner of Conscience – Bian Xiaohui

Bian Xiaohui 卞晓辉 Crime: Using a cult to undermine implementation of law Length of Punishment: 3 years and six months Court: Shijiazhuang Chang’an District People’s Court Trial Date: August 21, 2014 (suspended); December 12, 2014 (resumed) Sentencing Date: April 10, 2015 Dates of Detention/Arrest: March 12, 2014 (detained); April 17, 2014 (arrested) Place of Incarceration: Shijiazhuang City No....
Prisoner of Conscience – Wu Rongrong

Prisoner of Conscience – Wu Rongrong

Wu Rongrong  武嵘嵘 (released) Crime: “Creating a disturbance” Length of Punishment: N/A Court: N/A Trial Date: N/A Sentencing Date: N/A Dates of Detention/Arrest: March 7, 2015 (detained); April 13, 2015 (released on bail) Place of Incarceration: Haidian District Detention Center (Beijing Municipality) Background Hangzhou police detained Wu Rongrong (武嵘嵘) on March 7 and searched her...

List of Individual Cases Communicated to the UN

May 29, 2014 ⋅ CHRD has made submissions to the UN Human Rights Council on behalf of activists who are arbitrarily detained, disappeared, tortured, and/or suffered retaliation for exercising their rights to freedom of assembly, association, and expression among many other human rights.

Chinese Lawyers, Activists Call For a Rights Dialogue With Teeth

Aug 19, 2015 ⋅ Originally published by Radio Free Asia on August 12, 2015 A group of Chinese rights lawyers and activists has called on the United States to put pressure on Beijing at this year’s bilateral human rights dialogue in the wake of a nationwide crackdown on the country’s embattled legal profession and a slew of repressive laws. They say...

China: Open letter to States for joint action to address worsening crackdown on human rights defenders and lawyers

Aug 12, 2015 ⋅ 10 August 2015 To: Permanent Representatives of Member States and Observer States of the UN Human Rights Council   China: Open letter to States for  joint  action to address worsening crackdown on human  rights defenders and lawyers   Your Excellency, We urge your delegation to make statements, both jointly and individually, to address the unprecedented...